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What is the difference between artificial intelligence and robotics?

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what’s the difference between artificial intelligence and robotics as a futurist I help companies understand the latest technology trends and artificial intelligence and robotics are both really important trends for companies to watch but they’re not the same sometimes people feel that there’s an overlap between them and in this video I want to explain what this is so basically artificial intelligence is an area of computer science that helps us to develop computer programs that can learn by themselves so you either feed them data and they know from this data or you use sensors and inputs to help algorithms learn by themselves robotics on the other hand is a field of engineering that is that basically focus on building and operating robots so mechanical tools that can do things autonomously so we’ve seen this in manufacturing for a long time where we have tools that can enroll us I can build cars but we also now have very advanced robots that can do almost anything and this is where the overlap between those two fields comes in that we now can combine artificial intelligence and robotics where basically the robot is the body and the artificial intelligence is the brain so if you think about this in the past we’ve had robot robots for a long time building building things like cars but they’ve been dumb robots they’ve picked something up programmed to screw something into their put a wheel onto a car spray paint a car but it couldn’t really intelligently make decisions nowadays we can give those robots sensors and we can give those robots things like cameras that act as their eyes and we add our two intelligent to this equation as a brain and suddenly you have an artificially intelligent robot and this is where all the advances have come from in robotics recently if you think about a drone for example as a robot the brain the artificial intelligence makes this drone fly autonomously we now have self-driving cars.

again combining robotics and the brain the AI a really good example is a raspberry-picking robot this is something I’ve looked at recently and basically, in the past, it would have been impossible for a robot to pick raspberries if you think about that delicate fruit and every bush looks different the location of the raspberry is different how to pick it gently and people basically felt that you needed humans with their dexterity to do this however by now combining artificial intelligence and robotics you can now achieve that you now have a raspberry picking robot that uses machine vision so a camera to detect where the raspberries are and then uses an arm a robotic arm with lots of sensors in them to then pick the raspberry ideally not to push it too hard and then place it somewhere in a container to have it harvested and this for me is a really good illustration of how far autonomous robots have now come.

basically we now also have this ability of what we call reinforcement learning so instead of feeding a machine lots of data to recognize a raspberry you let the Machine know things by experience so we now can use reinforcement learning this is almost learning by experience so I’ve recently seen a robot that is basically monitoring the environment that is learning by itself to start to walk and this each failure reinforces a learning point each success of this was a successful step and the robot for example it didn’t fall over it then registers this so you now get this self-perpetuating learning cycle where robots can almost learn like infants to do things like speaking and walking and this for me is the latest evolution of these of combining AI and robotics so to recap they’re not the same AI is about data science is about computer programs that learn by themselves robots about machines that can do autonomous things but by combining them AI becomes the brain the robot becomes the body and you can achieve amazing things if you would like to learn more head to my website at Bernard marcom where you can find tons of articles white papers and videos that will give you a lot more insights and real-world case studies and examples.

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